email: shaehduard@yandex.ru

Урок 1. HW. A World of difference.

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√ I did not know it.
√ Talking about you.
√ Conversation.
√ Reading.







alleyway ˈælɪweɪ переулок
archaeology ˌɑːkɪˈɒləʤɪ археология
area  ˈeərɪə площадка
background  ˈbækgraʊnd задний план
barrel ˈbærəl баррель
Basque bæsk Баскский
beat biːt бить
bilingual baɪˈlɪŋgwəl двуязычный
block blɒk блок
brief   briːf краткий
bright   braɪt яркий
cancellation   ˌkænsəˈleɪʃən аннулирование
cherish    ˈʧerɪʃ лелеять
client  ˈklaɪənt клиент
close-knit   kləʊs nɪt сплоченный
communal  ˈkɒmjʊnl коммунальный
community   kəˈmjuːnɪtɪ сообщество
cosmopolitan  ˌkɒzməʊˈpɒlɪtən космополит
cracked  krækt треснувший
culture ˈkʌlʧə культура
daylight ˈdeɪlaɪt дневной свет
demolition ˌdeməˈlɪʃən снос
destroy dɪsˈtrɔɪ уничтожить
dressmaker ˈdresˌmeɪkə портниха
earthquake ˈɜːθkweɪk землетрясение
elderly ˈeldəlɪ пожилой
end up end ʌp завершить
equator (equator) экватор
extended family ɪksˈtendɪd ˈfæmɪlɪ большая семья
extinct  ɪksˈtɪŋkt потухший
fee  fiː плата
filling ˈfɪlɪŋ заполнение
for good  fə gʊd для блага
forbid fəˈbɪd запретить
frail freɪl хрупкий
frugally ˈfruːgəlli бережливо
global warming ˈgləʊbəl ˈwɔːmɪŋ глобальное потепление
(not) go far nɒt gəʊ fɑː (не) далеко ходить
go gəʊ идти
live lɪv жить
go on /about gəʊ ɒn əˈbaʊt перейти на / около
a great deal / ə greɪt diːl много
headquarters ˈhedˈkwɔːtəz главное управление
heritage ˈherɪtɪʤ наследие
hold həʊld держать
hopefully ˈhəʊpfʊlli с надеждой
hospitality ˌhɒspɪˈtælɪtɪ гостеприимство
iceberg ˈaɪsbɜːg айсберг
immediate family ɪˈmiːdjət ˈfæmɪlɪ близкие родственники
kit kɪt комплект
life expectancy laɪf ɪksˈpektənsɪ Продолжительность жизни
make meɪk делать
means miːnz означает
motto ˈmɒtəʊ девиз
muffin ˈmʌfɪn оладья
municipal mjuːˈnɪsɪpəl муниципальный
neutral ˈnjuːtrəl нейтральный
nonsense ˈnɒnsəns бред какой то
noticeable ˈnəʊtɪsəbl заметно
on the clock ɒn ðə klɒk На часах
operator ˈɒpəreɪtə оператор
performance pəˈfɔːməns представление
pin number pɪn ˈnʌmbə пин код
policy ˈpɒlɪsɪ политика
preschool ˈpriːˈskuːl дошкольного
prestigious (prestigious) престижный
presumably prɪˈzjuːməblɪ предположительно
profile ˈprəʊfaɪl профиль
propaganda ˌprɒpəˈgændə пропаганда
provide prəˈvaɪd обеспечить в
pyjamas pəˈʤɑːməz пижама
raise reɪz поднять объем
reach riːʧ достичь
regret rɪˈgret жалею
research rɪˈsɜːʧ исследование
rubbish ˈrʌbɪʃ мусор
settle down ˈsetl daʊn успокоится
shortly ˈʃɔːtlɪ вскоре
similarity ˌsɪmɪˈlærɪtɪ сходство
slum slʌm трущобы
storey ˈstɔːrɪ этаж
stressed strest стрессовый
structure ˈstrʌkʧə структура
stuck stʌk застрял
suburb ˈsʌbɜːb пригород
survey ˈsɜːveɪ опрос
take away teɪk əˈweɪ увезти
take home teɪk həʊm забрать домой
tricky ˈtrɪkɪ хитрый
ultimately ˈʌltɪmɪtlɪ окончательный
urgent ˈɜːʤənt срочный
vote vəʊt голос
well-balanced ˈwelˈbælənst хорошо сбалансированный
widely ˈwaɪdli широко







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0103

Workbook.

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Script

One World Quiz
1 In which country do men and women live the longest?
Women and men live longest in Japan. Women live on average 86 years and men 79. The average life expectancy in Japan is 81.25. In the USA it’s 77.8 and in Germany 78.8.

2 In which year did the world population reach 6 billion?
The world population reached 6 billion in 1999. There are now over 6.8 billion people in the world.

3 If you are standing on the equator, how many hours of daylight do you have?
If you are standing on the equator you have 12 hours of daylight every day of the year. You also experience the fastest sunrise and sunset in the world, between 128 and 142 seconds depending on the time of year.

4 Where does most of the world’s oil come from?
Most of the world’s oil comes from Saudi Arabia. It produces 10.9 million barrels per day. Russia produces 9.4 million, and Iran 4.3 million.

5 Which of these seven wonders of the world is still standing?
Of the seven wonders of the ancient world only the pyramids of Egypt are still standing. The Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria were destroyed by earthquakes hundreds of years ago.

6 Why didn’t dinosaurs attack humans?
Dinosaurs didn’t attack humans because they became extinct 65 million years ago. Human beings didn’t appear on earth until 130,000 years ago.

7 Where was the Titanic sailing to when it sank?
The Titanic was sailing to New York from Southampton when it hit an iceberg on April 14th, 1912.

8 How long has Elizabeth II been Queen of England?
Elizabeth II has been Queen of England since 1952. She was on holiday in Kenya when her father, King George VI, died.

9 How many people have won the Nobel Peace prize since it started in 1901?
94 people have won the Nobel Peace prize since it started in 1901. These include Nelson Mandela, in 1993, and Mother Teresa, in 1979.

10 How long have people been using the Internet?
People have been using the Internet since 1969. It was invented by the US Department of Defense as a means of communication.
It first went live in October 1969, with communications between the University of California and the Stanford Research Institute.

11 How many languages are spoken in Switzerland?
4 languages are spoken in Switzerland: German, French, Italian and Romansch. German is the most widely spoken. 63.7% speak German, 19.2% French, 7.6% Italian, and 0.6% Romansch.

12 In which country were women first given the vote?
New Zealand was the first country in the world to give women the vote in 1893. Canadian women were given the vote in 1917, but women in Liechtenstein weren’t allowed to vote until 1984.

T 1.2 You’re so wrong!
The Pope lives in Madrid.
He doesn’t live in Madrid! He lives in Rome.
In the Vatican!

Shakespeare didn’t write poems.
You’re wrong. He wrote hundreds of poems, not just plays.
Vegetarians eat meat.
Of course they don’t eat meat. They only eat vegetables and sometimes fish.
The Internet doesn’t provide much information.
Rubbish! It provides lots. Sometimes I think that it provides too much!
The world is getting colder.
It isn’t getting colder, it’s getting hotter. Haven’t you heard of global warming?
Princess Diana was travelling by plane when she was killed.
No, you’re wrong. She wasn’t travelling by plane. She was travelling by car, in Paris.
England has never won the World Cup. England has won it, just once. I think it was in 1966. My dad goes on about it all the time.
The 2008 Olympics were held in Tokyo.
No, they weren’t held in Tokyo. They were held in China, in Beijing.


T 1.3 is or has
My brother’s just got a new job.
He’s working in South America.
He’s been there 3 months.
He’s having a great time.
He’s never worked overseas before.
His company’s called Intext Worldwide.
T 1.4 Making conversation R = Ruth (mother) N = Nick (son)
L = Lily (daughter)
R So kids, did you have a good day at school?
N No.
L Yes, I did. We were practising for the school concert.
R Oh, lovely. Do you have much homework?
L Ugh! Yes, I do. Loads. I’ve got Geography, French, and Maths! Have you got a lot Nick?
N Yeah.
R Nick, have you remembered your football kit?
N Er..
.
L No, he hasn’t. He’s forgotten it again.
R Oh, Nick you know it needs washing. Are you playing football tomorrow?
N No.
R Lily, do you need your sports kit tomorrow?
L Yes, I do. I’ve got a hockey match after school.
We’re playing the High School.
R Didn’t they beat you last time?
L Yes, they did. But we’ll beat them tomorrow.
N No, you won’t! Your team’s rubbish.
R OK, that’s enough children. Do up your seatbelts! Let’s go!

T 1.5
R So kids, did you have a good day at school?
N No, I didn’t. Not really. We didn’t have any of my favourite subjects.
L I did. 1 had a brilliant day. We were practising for the school concert.
R Oh, lovely. Do you have much homework?
L Ugh! Yes, I do. Loads. I’ve got Geography, French and Maths! Have you got a lot Nick?
N Yes, I have. Loads of it, I have to write a Geography essay on Antarctica. 1,500 words!
R Oh Nick, have you remembered your football kit?
N Oh no, I haven’t - sorry mum.
R Oh, Nick you know it needs washing. Are you playing football tomorrow?
N No, I’m not, thank goodness. The match was cancelled.
R Lily, do you need your sports kit tomorrow?
L Yes, I do. I’ve got a hockey match after school.
We’re playing the High School.
R Didn’t they beat you last time?
L Yes, they did. But we’ll beat them tomorrow.
N Mmmm - I’m not so sure about that.
R OK, that’s enough children. Do up your seatbelts! Let’s go!

T 1.7
A world in one family
An interview with Xabier
I = Interviewer
X = Xabier
I So, Xabier - how old are you?
X I’m 21.
I And I know you have an interesting background, what nationality are you?
X Well, I’ve got a British passport ...
I ... so you’re British, but your parents - what nationality are your parents?
X Well, my dad’s Bolivian, he was born in Bolivia, in South America, but he’s had a British passport for the last 20 years. My mum was born in Spain, in the Basque country, and she still has her Spanish passport.
I So how did they meet and end up having children in England?
X Erm ... they met when they were both studying English in England erm ... and er ... about 3 years after that they got married and here I am, and then my brother.
I And what was it like growing up in England with a Spanish mother and a Bolivian father?
X I don’t think 1 actually noticed nationality for years -erm ... probably the first time I really noticed a difference was at secondary school, England were playing Spain in Euro ’96 and my classmates made me choose which country to support.
I So which country did you support?
X I stayed neutral. Actually I didn’t mind which team won.
1 And which nationality do you feel now?
X I’d say I was English, rather than British -erm ... but I’m also very proud of my parents’ heritage, half Basque and half Bolivian. I like that.
I What contact have you had with your family abroad?
X Well, I’ve only actually been to Bolivia once -er ... when I was a baby. I’ve had more contact on my mum’s side. My Spanish grandparents visit us in England and when I was growing up we always went to Spain in the summer, and ...
I Very nice!
X ... and if I’m at home I speak to them -er ... to my grandparents, on the phone -er ... maybe once a week,
1 And do you think that your Spanish heritage has influenced you at all?
X Well, yes, I think so. I think it influenced my degree choice. I’m studying modern languages at Durham University, Spanish and French. I’m in my 3rd year, I have one more year to do.
I And what are you hoping to do in the future?
X Erm-. That’s a very good question. Erm ... hopefully a job that offers some kind of opportunity to travel but ultimately I want to settle down for good in England. I’ve always been interested in my background but I think that I
realize England is my home and it’s where I see myself living.
I Thank you very much Xabier.
X You’re welcome.

T 1.8
I = Interviewer A = Ana
An interview with Ana
I  Ana, you’re Spanish, aren’t you?
A Yes, I am. I’m from Bilbao, in the Basque country.
I And how long have you lived here in Oxford?
A -er ... 23 years.
I And how did that happen?
A Well, I wanted to improve my English so I came to England, to study. Originally, I came for 6 months but -er ... I met my husband -er ... we met at the college - actually we met on the way to the college, in the street.
I You met in the street?
A Yes, it was my first day and I was walking up the hill to the college and Teo, that’s my husband, was driving up the hill and he stopped and offered me a lift, which I refused.
I You refused?
A Yes, but we ended up in the same class. I went into the class and there he was.
I And your husband’s from Bolivia, isn’t he?
A Yes, he is.
I So that means you speak the same language.
A Yes, Spanish.
I So why did you decide to live in England?
A Well, mainly because my husband had a job here and erm— we kind of decided we wanted a place in the middle, between Spain and Bolivia.
I A nice idea. And you have two sons.
A Yes, I do. Er ... Xabier is 21, nearly 22, and James is 19.
I So, what’s it been like for them growing up in England with parents of different nationality?
A Well, 1 think because we live in Oxford, a
cosmopolitan city, they didn’t notice it too much.
I They are both bilingual presumably?
A No, not really ...
I Oh.
A ... because, when they were children, even though we spoke to them in Spanish they always replied in English.
I Erm, interesting. Tell me, how much contact has your family here had with the families in Spain and Bolivia?
A I think more with my family in Spain because it’s closer. We always spent summer there -er- 2 or 3 weeks usually.
I And the Bolivian side?
A Well, my husband keeps in touch all the time but his family have never been here.
I Never?
A Never. We went to Bolivia once when Xabier was 18 months old. James has never been.
I So what are the children doing now?
A Xabier’s at university and James has just finished school. He’s been working in a restaurant saving money to travel.
I And what do they want to do in the future?
A Well, James. He’s going to travel to Bolivia, at last! Then he’s going to university to study Biology.
I And Xabier?
A 1 think he wants to work in the Foreign Office.
I Ana, is it possible to sum up the pros and cons of bringing up a family in another country to your own?
A Well, I think in a way it’s good because you can take the best things from both cultures, but I don’t think my sons will ever feel 100% English because their parents aren’t English. It’s quite tricky.

T 1.9
Pronunciation
1 rose goes does toes
2 meat beat great street
3 paid made played said
4 done phone son won mother enjoy apartment holiday population

T 10
mother enjoy apartment holiday population

T 1.11

Everyday situations

1
A I need to make an appointment. It’s quite
urgent. I’ve lost a filling.
В We have a cancellation this afternoon. 2.45 if that’s OK?
A That’s great. I’ll be there.

2
A A medium latte and a muffin, please.
В Have here or take away?
A Here, please.
В That’ll be £3.90 please.

3
A I can’t make the meeting. I’m stuck in traffic.
В Never mind. We’ll start without you and
brief you later.
A Oh, hang on! We’re moving again. I should be there in about an hour.

4
A Can you put in your PIN number and press
‘Enter’?
В Oh no! I can’t remember my number for this card. Oh, what is it?
A Have you got another card you could use?

5
A Sparkling or still? And do you want ice and
lemon in it?
В Sparkling, please. Ice but no lemon.
A No problem. Is that all?

6
A I don’t think you’ve met Greg. He’s joining us
from our New York office.
В Hello. Good to meet you. I’ve heard a lot about you.
A Yeah, at last we meet. I’m looking forward to working together.

7
A How many bags are you checking in?
В Just the one.
A And did you pack it yourself?
В Yes, I did.

8
A The lift’s on your right. Would you like
someone to help you with your luggage?
В No thank you. I’ll manage.
A OK. If you’re sure. Here’s your key. Enjoy your stay.

9
A Please hold. Your call is important to us. All
our operators are busy at the moment, but one of them will be with you shortly.
В If I have to listen to that again, I’ll go mad!
С Can I help you?
В At last a real person! Do you know how long I’ve been waiting?

10
A There are still tickets for the 5.45
performance but the 8.45 performance is sold out, I’m afraid.
В That’s fine. We’ll have two, please, one adult, and one child.
A Right. Two for 5.45. The doors open at 5.

T 1.12 Roleplay

1
A. Maria, this is my friend Peter. We came to England together. We come from the same town in Germany.
B. Hello, Peter. Nice to meet you. I hope you’re having a good time.
2
A. Excuse me. I don’t think this is mine. I ordered a medium latte and a muffin.
B. Oh sorry. My mistake. This is for the next table.
3
A. Good evening. Reception? I’m in room 216. My TV isn’t working. Can you send someone to fix it?
B. Of course, sir. I’ll send someone immediately.
4
A. Excuse me. Can you tell me which is the check-in desk for Prague? I can’t see my flight on the screen.
B. Oh dear. You’re at the wrong terminal. Flights to Prague go from Terminal 5. You can get a bus to the terminal over there.
5
A. OK everyone. The meal’s ready! Can you all come to the table? Bring your drinks and just help yourselves to the food.
B+C+D Mmmm. It smells good. Can we sit where we like?


Используемый материал:
New Headway Intermediate fourth edition by Joan and Liz Soars, Oxford University Press.